Hazardous materials transportation: 6 things to keep in mind

Hazardous materials transportation: 6 things to keep in mind

A dangerous good (also known as hazardous material or hazmat) is any substance or material that is capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce.
Is your cargo hazardous?
Is your cargo hazardous? Determining whether your product is hazardous is trickier than it looks. Even innocuous items such as perfume, paint, and laundry detergent are considered dangerous.

To ascertain whether the product you are shipping is hazardous, refer to the material safety data sheet for information on the product’s physical and chemical properties. This document is obtained from the good’s supplier/manufacturer.

Hazardous goods are usually classified according to the nature of the shipping hazard the goods can potentially cause. This includes flammable material, poisonous substances, explosives, radioactive material, etc.

Dangerous Goods

•Class 1: Explosives
• Class 2: Gases
• Class 3: Flammable liquids
• Class 4: Flammable solid, spontaneously combustible, and dangerous when wet
• Class 5: Oxidizer, organic peroxide
• Class 6: Poison (toxic), poison inhalation hazard, infectious substance
• Class 7: Radioactive material
• Class 8: Corrosives
• Class 9: Miscellaneous hazardous material
What to keep in mind when transporting hazardous materials
What to keep in mind when transporting hazardous materials Over 1 million hazardous shipments are handled on a daily That presents a high chance of something going wrong.

Given the risky nature of hazardous materials, shippers and handlers must go to great lengths to ensure its safe packaging and transportation. That said, here are six things to keep in mind when shipping hazardous cargo.
1. Proper packaging
1. Proper packaging As it stands, proper packaging plays an extremely important role in the transportation of regular cargo — and more so for hazardous materials.

Dangerous cargo should be packaged securely in such a way that it poses no threat during its ocean freight journey and the turbulence it may be exposed to. It must also arrive at their destination in good condition.

When packaging hazardous cargo sensitive to changes in humidity, condensation, temperature, and moisture, make sure that the container it’s shipped in is water, wind, and airtight.
2. Label your hazardous materials as such
2. Label your hazardous materials as such Because of the potential hazard that can be caused by shipping these dangerous materials, it is of utmost important to label your goods accordingly.

Ensure you use the right labels and stickers and that they’re visible on both the inner and outer packaging. Also, remove all unnecessary and unrelated labels from the outer packaging to avoid confusion.

Indicate the International Maritime Dangerous Goods that shows the cargo’s risk and danger level to those handling it.

You may also want to consider including the contact number of the shipper in case of emergencies.
5. Get insurance
5. Get insurance Given the higher risks involved with shipping hazardous materials, it would be ill-advised to skimp on insurance.

Depending on whether you’re transporting hazardous cargo domestically or internationally, you may require different coverages.

Keep in mind the time needed to process the insurance request. So as soon as you are sure of your shipment type, value, and destination, get in touch with an insurance broker.

Take photos of your packaged cargo so that you can verify its condition should an insurance claim become necessary.
3. Have the right documentation
3. Have the right documentation Getting the paperwork ready for shipping hazardous materials is much more complicated than for regular cargo — and possibly more important.

Depending on the nature and classification of your cargo, you may require different sets of documentation in order for your cargo to be properly declared and cleared for transportation and handling. Some of these include the above-mentioned MSDS, a Dangerous Goods (DG) request, a DG packing list, etc.

Prior approval from appropriate authorities is also required.
4. Ensure you are trained and certified
4. Ensure you are trained and certified Under USDOT regulations, shippers transporting hazardous materials must attend training sessions and obtain a certificate before they are allowed to ship Hazmat.

Different types of training and certificates with different validity periods may be required for different types of hazardous goods. For example, the certificate to ship dry ice is valid for two years.

When searching for training and certification courses, make sure they meet the requirements set by the USDOT.
6. Plan your shipment early
6. Plan your shipment early Because of the amount of paperwork involved in shipping hazardous materials, getting the documents ready can be extremely challenging and time-consuming.

Our advice is to start planning at least four months in advance as just getting the required permits alone can take more than 120 days.

We recommend booking your hazardous shipment at least two weeks in advance. Prior approval from the operating carrier is required for the shipment for hazardous goods, which could take some time — and even longer if carriers are vessel sharing. Decreased trucking capacity means it is now also tougher to find truckers for hazmat transportation.

When booking your shipment, make sure to inform your freight forwarder of the nature of your goods.